Charles R. Mackintosh

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Born in Glasgow, Mackintosh was Scottish architect and designer who became one of the most prominent figures of the Arts and Crafts Movement. In collaboration with three other students, one of whom, Margaret Macdonald, became his wife in 1900, Mackintosh achieved an international reputation in the 1890s as a designer of unorthodox posters, craftwork, and especially furniture. In contrast to contemporary fashion his work was light, elegant, and original, as exemplified by four remarkable tearooms he designed in Glasgow from 1896 to 1904 and other domestic interiors of the early 1900s. Mackintosh’s chief architectural projects were the Glasgow School of Art, considered the first original example of Art Nouveau architecture in Great Britain, Windyhill in Kilmacolm (1901), and Hill House in Helensburgh (1902). Although all have some traditional characteristics, they reveal a mind of exceptional inventiveness and aesthetic perception. Although Mackintosh was nearly forgotten for several decades, the late 20th century saw a revival of interest in his work and many art historians now consider him to be one of the most important influences of modern design.